Co-Counseling was started on the principle that each person has his or her own answers inside of themselves. The peer counselor merely serves as a facilitator for the client to locate the answers and use them to bring about positive change.
In particular, time is shared equally and the essential requirement of the person taking their turn in the role of counselor is to do their best to listen and give their full attention to the other person. It is not a discussion; the aim is to support the person in the client role to work through their own issues in a mainly self-directed way. 'Counselors' have no training or expertise by which to evaluate serious problems.
The peer serving as counselor helps the client to come to his or her own conclusions.